Practical and Refined Vocabulary

eccentric (‘ec-cen-tric, pronunciation: ik-‘sen-trik)

– adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin eccentricus, from Greek ekkentros, from ex out of + kentron center.  Date: circa 1630.

  1. too rich to be crazy

kludge (kludge, pronunciation: klooj)

– noun

Etymology: British military slang, possibly based on Scots word kludge or kludgie (“common toilet”) or from German klug (“clever”).  There is evidence that kluge was a separate word with similar meaning and separate derivation, but the spelling “kludge” was widely popularized in the US by a Datamation article, “How to Design a Kludge.”

  1. Clumsy or inelegant solution to a problem
  2. An ill-assorted collection of poorly matching parts, forming a distressing whole.
  3. A terrible solution, meant to be temporary, that has become adopted by so many people that it is impossible to do away with.  Common occurrence in large corporations, and (especially) government bureaucracies.
  4. The practices and principles of corporate culture.

professionalism (pro-fes-sion-al-ism, pronunciation: pruh-fesh-uh-nl-iz-hm)

– noun

  1. the practice of appropriately expressing hatred and hostility toward clients and colleagues

should (pronunciation: shoo d)

-auxiliary verb

  1. pt of shall
  2. must; ought (indicate that the speaker understands a complex situation better than the listener); often used to imply incompetence. You should have known better.


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